In the latter half of the summer term, Carol’s class began to study Volcanoes. They learnt lots of fun facts about Volcanoes and this culminated in them building their own volcanoes and with the help of our Science technician, Glenn, were able to see them erupt for real.
Some fun facts that they learnt…
Volcanoes are openings in the Earth’s surface. When they are active they can let ash, gas and hot magma escape in sometimes violent and spectacular eruptions.
The word volcano originally comes from the name of the Roman god of fire, Vulcan.
Volcanoes are usually located where tectonic plates meet. This is especially true for the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area around the Pacific Ocean where over 75% of the volcanoes on Earth are found.
Hot liquid rock under the Earth’s surface is known as magma, it is called lava after it comes out of a volcano.
Some famous volcanic eruptions of modern times include Mount Krakatoa in 1883, Novarupta in 1912, Mount St Helens in 1980 and Mt Pinatubo in 1991.
Most people think of volcanoes as large cone shaped mountains but that is just one type, others feature wide plateaus, fissure vents (cracks were lava emerges) and bulging dome shapes.
There are also volcanoes found on the ocean floor and even under icecaps, such as those found in Iceland.
And here are some photos of the children and their work building and demonstrating the volcanoes.